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Glaucoma Center

Glaucoma is a disease that damages the eye's optic nerve. The optic nerve is connected to the retina — a layer of light - sensitive tissue lining the back of the eye. The optic nerve is made up of many nerve fibers, like an electric cable is made up of many wires. The optic nerve sends signals from your retina to your brain, where these signals are interpreted as the images you see.

Glaucoma Center

Most Common Types of Glaucoma

Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma
In primary open-angle glaucoma, the drainage angle formed by the cornea and the iris remains open, but the microscopic drainage channels in the angle (called the trabecular meshwork) are partially blocked, causing the aqueous humor to drain out of the eye too slowly. This leads to fluid backup and a gradual increase of pressure within your eye. Damage to the optic nerve is painless and so slow that a large portion of your vision can be lost before you're even aware of a problem.

Closed Angle Glaucoma
Closed-angle glaucoma occurs when the iris bulges forward to narrow or block the drainage angle formed by the cornea and the iris. As a result, aqueous fluid can no longer reach the trabecular meshwork, and eye pressure increases abruptly. Closed-angle glaucoma most commonly occurs suddenly, but it can also occur gradually.

Many people who develop closed-angle glaucoma have an abnormally narrow drainage angle to begin with. This narrow angle may never cause any problems, so it may go undetected for life.

Treatment Options for Glaucoma

Eye Drops
A number of medications are currently in use to treat glaucoma. Your eyecare provider may prescribe a combination of medications or change your prescription over time to reduce side effects or provide a more effective treatment. Typically medications are intended to reduce elevated intraocular pressure and prevent damage to the optic nerve.

Trabeculectomy (Filtration Surgery)
During trabeculectomy (also called filtration surgery), a new drainage opening is created to bypass the clogged drainage channels of the trabecular meshwork. The opening is partially covered with a flap of tissue from the sclera (the white part of the eye) and the conjunctiva (the clear thin covering over the sclera). This new opening allows fluid to drain out of the eye under the conjunctiva and form a little blister, or bubble, called a bleb. The bleb is located just under the upper eyelid, where it is not visible.

Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT)
SLT is a laser that treats the drain directly to help increase the outflow of fluid. It treats specific cells"selectively," leaving the trabecular meshwork intact. For this reason, SLT may be safely repeated. It is not painful, and often can be an alternative to eye drops in early open-angle glaucoma.

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In todays economy we understand that finances are rough on everyone. For that reason we accept and are preferred providers for many different insurances. We also offer financing and payment options for those who qualify. We want to work together to provide exceptional eyecare to everyone.

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